Coffee is one of the most commonly consumed beverages around the world, but for many years, its effects on health have been disputed within the medical community. In recent decades, modern research has dispelled most of the myths surrounding coffee’s effects on health. This work has also provided insightful information about the possible health benefits of coffee consumption. Most reviews of scientific literature conclude that for adults who consume a moderate amount of coffee (three to four cups per day), there is very little evidence of health risks and even some evidence of health benefits (Higdon and Frei 2006; Floegel and others 2012). A recent, widely publicized study found that drinking coffee is inversely associated with risk of death (Freedman and others 2012). Many other studies address the potential beneficial health effects of drinking coffee. The mechanisms behind these positive health effects have yet to be elucidated, and continue to be an active area of research in the health community. The following health topics are perhaps the most discussed in association with coffee intake and are explored in this report: Mental Performance, Neurodegenerative Disorders, Alzeihemer’s Disease, Parkinson’s Disease, Sports Performance, Type II Diabetes, Liver Health Cancer, Cardiovascular Health, Cholesterol, Blood Pressure, Pregnancy and Fetal Health.